• 个人信息,利用好更需保护好 2019-04-19
  • 工业互联网支持政策密集出台 2019-04-13
  • 湖南第六批短期援藏队联合中南大学湘雅医院在山南市开展“爱眼护眼”活动 2019-04-12
  • 中国电视剧诞生60周年盛典 老中青三代主创齐聚一堂 2019-04-12
  • 美媒称特朗普政府对中国加征关税在即 外交部回应 2019-04-06
  • “一带一路”战略下清真产业国际化发展与投资论坛 2019-04-03
  • 新型慈善:不只是“募集善款” 2019-03-27
  • 滁州智能家电企业与京东签下23亿大单 2019-03-27
  • 工商总局:严惩网络交易违法失信行为 惩戒期线下重点监管 2019-03-21
  • 巴川中学王苗:留守儿童长大了 2019-03-16
  • 遭遇隐形歧视 就业权益谁来维护 2019-03-16
  • 时时彩服务器:高中英语动词种类和形式知识点归纳

    时间:2019-01-04 英语知识 我要投稿

    时时彩刷水稳赚的玩法 www.ckh3q.com   类 别

      意义

      例 句

      实义动词

      含有实在的意义,表示动作或状态,在句子中能独立作谓语。

      She has some bananas.

      They eat a lot of potatoes.

      连系动词

      本身有一定的词义,但不能独立作谓语,必须和表语一起构成谓语。

      His father is a teacher.

      Twins usually look the same.

      The teacher became very angry.

      助动词

      本身没有词义,不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语动词,用来表示否定、疑问、时态、语态或其它语法形式,助动词自身有人称、单复数和时态的变化。

      He doesn’t speak English.

      We are playing basketball.

      Do you have a brother?

      情态动词

      本身有一定的意义,不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语动词,表示说话人的语气和情态。情态动词没有人称和单复数的变化,有些情态动词有过去式。

      You can keep the books for two weeks.

      May I smoke here?

      We must go now.

      重要注解:

      (1)关于实义动词:

     ?、儆⒂锏氖狄宥视挚煞治拔锒屎筒患拔锒柿酱罄啵?/p>

      后面必须跟宾语意义才完整的叫及物动词;本身意义完整,后面不需跟宾语的叫不及物动词。

     ?、谟行┒释ǔV蛔鞑患拔锒?。如:go,come,happen,lie,listen,rise,arrive等。

      有些动词通常用作及物动词。如:say,raise,lay,find,buy等。

     ?、鄞蠖嗍士梢约孀骷拔锒屎筒患拔锒?。如:study,sing等。

     ?、苡行┒首骷拔锒视胱鞑患拔锒适钡囊庖逵兴煌?。如:know,wash等。

     ?、萦行┒食:徒榇?、副词或其它词类一起构成固定词组,形成短语动词。如:listen,reply,wait,look.

      (2)关于连系动词:

     ?、倭刀视美戳又饔锖捅碛?连系动词后面常为形容词。

     ?、诔<牧刀视校篵e、become、look、feel、sound、smell、taste、seem、turn、grow、get、go、fall、sit、stand、lie等。

     ?、塾行┝刀世丛从谑狄宥?意思也跟着变化:look(看→看起来)、feel(感觉、摸→感到)、smell(闻、嗅→闻起来)、taste(尝→尝起来)、turn(翻转、转动→变得)、grow(生长→变得)、get(得到、到达→变得)、go(去→变得),所不同的是,作为实义动词时,后面不能跟形容词。

      (3)关于助动词:

     ?、俪<闹视校?/p>

      用于进行时和被动语态的be(am,is,are,was,were,been,being);

      用于完成时的have(has,had,having);

      用于将来时的shall(should);will(would)

      用于一般时的do(does,did).

     ?、谥时匦胪饔锏娜顺坪褪恢?也就是说因主语人称、数的不同而采用不同的形式,其中有些助动词也可作情态动词。如:shall,will,should,would.

      2、动词词形变化一览表:

      (1)规则动词变化表:

      规 则变 化

      原形动词结尾情况

      现在时单三人称

      现在分词/动名词

      过去式和过去分词

      一般情况

      +s

      +ing

      +ed

      s,x,ch,sh,o结尾

      +es

      +ing

      +ed

      辅音字母+y结尾

      y→i,+es

      +ing

      y→i,+ed

      重读闭音节一元一辅结尾

      +s

      双写辅音字母,+ing

      双写辅音字母,+ed

      不发音的e结尾

      +s

      去掉e,+ing

      +d

      ie结尾

      +s

      ie→y,+ing

      +d

      不规则变化

      have→has;be→is

      (无)

      (见不规则动词变化表)

      (2)不规则动词变化表:(原形→过去式→过去分词)

      be(am,is)

      was

      been

      lose

      lost

      lost

      be(are)

      were

      been

      make

      made

      made

      beat

      beat

      beaten

      may

      might

      become

      became

      become

      mean

      meant

      meant

      begin

      began

      begun

      meet

      met

      met

      blow

      blew

      blown

      mistake

      mistook

      mistaken

      break

      broke

      broken

      must

      must

      bring

      brought

      brought

      pay

      paid

      paid

      build

      built

      built

      put

      put

      put

      buy

      bought

      bought

      read

      read

      Read

      can

      could

      ride

      rode

      ridden

      catch

      caught

      caught

      ring

      rang

      rung

      choose

      chose

      chosen

      rise

      rose

      risen

      come

      came

      come

      run

      ran

      run

      cost

      cost

      cost

      say

      said

      said

      cut

      cut

      cut

      see

      saw

      seen

      dig

      dug

      dug

      sell

      sold

      sold

      do

      did

      done

      send

      sent

      sent

      draw

      drew

      drawn

      set

      set

      set

      drink

      drank

      drunk

      shall

      should

      drive

      drove

      driven

      shine

      shone

      shone

      eat

      ate

      eaten

      show

      showed

      shown

      fall

      fell

      fallen

      shut

      shut

      shut

      feel

      felt

      felt

      sing

      sang

      sung

      find

      found

      found

      sink

      sank/sunk

      sunk/sunken

      fly

      flew

      flown

      sit

      set

      set

      forget

      forgot

      forgot/forgotten

      sleep

      slept

      slept

      freeze

      froze

      frozen

      smell

      smelt

      smelt

      get

      got

      got

      speak

      spoke

      spoken

      give

      gave

      given

      spend

      spent

      spent

      go

      went

      gone

      spill

      spilt

      spilt

      grow

      grew

      grown

      spoil

      spoilt

      spoilt

      hang

      hung/hanged

      hung/hanged

      stand

      stood

      stood

      have(has)

      had

      had

      sweep

      swept

      swept

      hear

      heard

      heard

      swim

      swam

      swum

      hide

      hid

      hidden

      take

      took

      taken

      hit

      hit

      hit

      teach

      taught

      taught

      hold

      held

      held

      tell

      told

      told

      hurt

      hurt

      hurt

      think

      thought

      thought

      keep

      kept

      kept

      throw

      threw

      thrown

      know

      knew

      known

      understand

      understood

      understood

      lay

      laid

      laid

      wake

      woke/waked

      woken/waked

      learn

      learnt/learned

      learnt/learned

      wear

      wore

      worn

      leave

      left

      left

      will

      would

      lend

      lent

      lent

      win

      won

      won

      let

      let

      let

      write

      wrote

      witten

      lie

      lay

      lain

      3、be(“是/存在”)动词的各种时态变化:

      一 般 现 在 时

      一 般 将 来 时

      现 在 完 成 时

      I am….

      You are.…

      He/She/It is….

      We/You/They are….

      (I等各人称) will be….

      I am

      He/She/It is going to be…

      We/You/They are

      I have been….

      You have been….

      She/he/It has been….

      We/You/They have been….

      一 般 过 去 时

      过 去 将 来 时

      过 去 完 成 时

      I was….

      You were.…

      He/She/It was….

      We/You/They were….

      (I等各人称) would be….

      I was

      He/She/It was going to be…

      We/You/They were

      I had been….

      You had been….

      She/he/It had been….

      We/You/They had been….

      注意:句型变化时,

      否定句在am/is/are/will/have/has/was/were/had/would后面加not,而且not都可以缩写为n’t(am后面not不可以缩写);

      疑问句将am/is/are/will/have/has/was/were/had/would提前到句首。

      4、其它谓语动词(主动语态)的时态变化一览表:

      现在 时态

      一 般 现 在 时

      现 在 进 行 时

      一 般 将 来 时

      现 在 完 成 时

      谓语动词构成

      动词用原形(单三加s / es)

      (问句和否定句借用助词do / does)

      am

      is +动词-ing

      are

      will + 动词原形

      am

      is +going to+动词原形

      are

      have +过去分词

      has

      过去 时态

      一 般 过 去 时

      过 去 进 行 时

      过 去 将 来 时

      过 去 完 成 时

      谓语动词构成

      动词用过去式

      (问句和否定句借用助词did)

      was

      +动词-ing

      were

      would + 动词原形

      was

      +going to+动词原形

      were

      注:动词的非谓语形式及用法见非谓语动词专项讲解。

  • 个人信息,利用好更需保护好 2019-04-19
  • 工业互联网支持政策密集出台 2019-04-13
  • 湖南第六批短期援藏队联合中南大学湘雅医院在山南市开展“爱眼护眼”活动 2019-04-12
  • 中国电视剧诞生60周年盛典 老中青三代主创齐聚一堂 2019-04-12
  • 美媒称特朗普政府对中国加征关税在即 外交部回应 2019-04-06
  • “一带一路”战略下清真产业国际化发展与投资论坛 2019-04-03
  • 新型慈善:不只是“募集善款” 2019-03-27
  • 滁州智能家电企业与京东签下23亿大单 2019-03-27
  • 工商总局:严惩网络交易违法失信行为 惩戒期线下重点监管 2019-03-21
  • 巴川中学王苗:留守儿童长大了 2019-03-16
  • 遭遇隐形歧视 就业权益谁来维护 2019-03-16
  • 双色球出号频率图 北京中彩在线 排列三近十期试机号 排列三走势图连线专业版 上海十一选五 四川时时彩投注平台 码报资料2018开奖结果 舟山飞鱼彩票开奖号码 河北11选5开奖结果 千禧p3开机号试机号关注号金码今天 gucci钱包真假 竞足混合过关玩法 排列三计算器 福彩15选5开奖结果 二八大杠自行车 必威半全场怎么买